My poor niece has really dry skin, despite all of the lotions in the world that my sister slathers on her. Poor little thing- and her feet are worst of all. After reading up on some really good moisturizers, I found that tallow is supposed to be a really good one, so I whipped up this batch of foot balm using some of my rendered tallow. I've also made a free printable label that you can download to make your lotion look fancy and store-bought (I assumed that "beef fat lotion" scrawled across a tin in permanent marker would be a turn-off).
There are tons of tutorials out there for bath fizzies, but most all of them call for artificial fragrances and dyes, which are not something that I would want to soak in. Even the queen bee of bath products, LUSH, uses artificial fragrances and dyes, not to mention they're a little pricey at about $6 a pop. These cost about $1 each, depending on what ingredients that you use.
The recipes below are made with things that you likely already have in your kitchen. If it's something that's safe to eat, I feel comfortable soaking in it in a warm tub (with the exception of essential oils, which shouldn't be ingested without the guidance of a trained professional).
Yup, that's a cutting board full of fat. Vegetarians and weak stomachs: avert your eyes- things are about to get a little primal.
I don't think my poor husband will forget the day that I asked him to pick up a 10-lb. bag of beef fat from the local health food coop. Poor guy didn't know what he was getting into. Just had to wander back to the butcher counter and tentatively ask if there was any fat back there for him. Sure enough, they lugged out a whopping bag of trimmings labeled with my name and handed it over to him. Did I mention that he is awesome at supporting whatever harebrained ideas I get into my head? Although I do like to think that he felt a little triumphant (in a primitive hunter sort of way) as he walked right past the cash registers with his free bag of fat, telling them that he didn't have to pay for it.
"Oog. Me provide for family."
I think it was a lot less majestic in his experience, but I like to think that I at least keep him entertained.
A lot of people say that the leaf fat around the kidneys is the best for this, but I couldn't find any and this fat was free, so I went with this one. It worked out just fine, although the rendered tallow isn't quite as hard as the leaf fat tallow and it takes a little more fat to get the same amount of tallow. So, aside from the quantity and hardness of the final tallow, the only thing that was sacrificed was some of my husband's pride. Poor guy.
Spring has sprung and the chill has left the air up here in Zone 5! I'm so excited- I got a new garden tiller from The Man for my birthday this year, so no more hassling with renting one and getting my garden in late. We did the math, and renting one over the course of a few years was less economical than just buying our own. Although we will now have to deal with what all truck owners do- everyone will want to borrow it! That's okay, we'll share.
This winter was so long and dreary that I kept myself happy by making all sorts of garden plans. Happy thoughts of little seedlings sprouting up and ripe, red tomatoes in July made winter less of a drag. I've got my 2015 garden plan all put together and you can download it for yourself if you'd like it by clicking on the above image.
This year, I'm trying out a "bug barrier" of both repellant and attractant flowers. The pyrethrum in the daisies and the all-around amazing anti-bug properties of the marigolds will help to deter bugs. I also included some things to make pollinators happy like lavender and basil.
My garden is slightly shaded on the west side, so I put more cool-season vegetables over there. You can shift things around if you'd like, but I tried to stay as close to a good companion planting system as I could. I use Mother Earth News' companion planting guide, which was easy and helpful. I didn't plant things clumped all together like I think you're actually supposed to, but I put them in places that would benefit them most. I have enough trouble remembering what I planted where that I don't think I'm quite prepared to be mixing my veggies all together!
Enjoy the garden planner and happy planting!
This easy soup just screams Easter and Springtime. Carrots, greens, and mushrooms make it colorful enough to remind you of spring, but the creamy broth still comforts like a hearty winter stew. This recipe is also a great way to sneak some veggies into your food, as it all just tastes like creamy goodness and not kale or carrots. Also, it seems strange, but that egg on top makes everything taste better. Happy eating!
Tips I learned from making soap this weekend and some questions and concerns that I initially had that others out there may have, too:
#1 SHOULD I OPEN A WINDOW?
Don't be an idiot- open a window while you're making it. I stood over that stuff for an hour breathing in the lye fumes and now I've got a sore throat. Wow. Just. Wow.
#2 PROTECTION GEAR?
Yes, I looked like a Walter White western bandit with my yellow rubber gloves, goggles, and a tea towel tied around my nose and mouth. Ironically, I used the towel because I was afraid of breathing in any lye powder while I was mixing the lye and water. Apparently, it also fumes a bit as it's hot and being stirred on the stove. Wow, again. Sometimes it's a wonder I made it to adulthood.
#3 I'M SCARED OF LYE
Lye isn't that scary. I got some on myself and I didn't die. The powder got on my arms and I also got raw soap on my fingers and all it did was sting a bit. Just pour vinegar over the spot that stings, let it sit for a few seconds, then run it under cold water.
Maybe I'm just not deep enough into the homemade soap scene, but I've yet to meet a soapmaker with Fight Club burns on their hands. Just don't go around kissing people's hands and then pouring lye on it and you shouldn't have any problems. Also, I must note that, unless you use a special process, the glycerin stays in your soap, it doesn't separate on it's own. Come on, Hollywood, I can't believe you'd make a scientifically inaccurate movie...
Don't be scared, there are lots of everyday chemicals that are just as nasty as lye. Toilet bowl cleaner, bleach, and oven cleaner are good examples. Just be careful and take precautions. Also, unless you fancy a steaming lye water volcano in your kitchen, always, always put the lye into the water, not the other way around.
#4 - CAN I MAKE SOAP WITHOUT LYE?/ I'M STILL SCARED OF LYE
No, you can't make actual soap without lye. Through the magic of science, lye mixed with tallow (or other fats, or oils) becomes "sodium tallowate" after the saponification process and it is no longer lye and doesn't have the same qualities as lye. Check the labels of the soap in your bathroom- does it say "sodium tallowate"or "sodium palmate"? That was made with lye and some kind of fat or oil. The reason that your soap doesn't usually say "lye" (although some, like Dr. Bronner's, list sodium hydroxide, but are quick to point out that none remains after saponification) is because even though it's an ingredient used in the process of soap making, there's not actually lye in the final soap product, it's "sodium insert-whatever-fat-or-oil-used-ate" or "saponified oils". See what I mean- magic! Also, if you're not into "magic" as the simple explanation, here's a hoity-toity chemistry explanation of saponification.
#5 TELL ME MORE ABOUT THIS LYE THING
If you buy lye in a plastic container, open it in a larger plastic container. The static electricity from the container will cause a bunch of little lye balls to shoot out of the container and bounce around your kitchen counter like cake-fueled kids in a birthday bouncy house. It wasn't a big problem, as I just wiped them up with a vinegar-soaked paper towel and then washed the counter, but it would have been nice to know that would happen. Just keep some vinegar handy to pour onto anything that gets lye on it or to wet paper towels and use them to clean up spills.
#6 WHAT IS THIS "TRACE" THING THAT ALL THE RECIPES TALK ABOUT?
If you've ever made homemade pudding, you will have no trouble figuring out what "trace" is and when it's happening. It just means that when you drizzle the soap from a spoon, the drizzles stay on the surface a bit. It looks like pudding that's still warm but has thickened up in the pan. I'm assuming here that if you're crazy enough to want to make your own soap, you're crazy enough to also have made your own pudding- same idea- "I know what went into it and it's just plain better than the store-bought stuff, despite all the work".
#7 DO I NEED SPECIAL TOOLS?
I don't use special tools only to be used for soap. Not saying you shouldn't, but as a very infrequent maker of soap, it just wouldn't do to have a separate getup for all of the soap making things. I would recommend you have a wooden spoon for soap use only, as the wood will absorb things that you can't easily wash out. Other than the wooden spoon, I use all of my regular kitchen items like the stock pot and water pitcher. I just wear gloves while first washing them with hot soapy water, then swish vinegar in them to neutralize any leftover lye residue, then wash again with hot soapy water. I've never had lye on my tools after this washing method. If you're really nervous, you could test the surfaces with pH strips to be extra safe.
The idea behind separate tools is that you might not rinse all of the uncured soap/lye out and end up eating lye/raw soap. While I'm not recommending anyone out there try this, when I'm done washing the tools I touch them with my finger and touch my finger to my tongue. I promise you'll know immediately if they still have lye or raw soap on them.
And, unfortunately, yes, I know what raw soap tastes like. On a school field trip to a living history farm (at the ill-advised urging of my friend) I snuck some butter from an unattended butter churn. Do you know why there would be an unattended butter churn with butter in it just sitting outside of a log cabin on a hot summer day? It's because it's full of soap, that's why.
#8 I REALLY THINK I NEED AT LEAST ONE SPECIAL TOOL, THOUGH
I thought it was stupid to have an immersion blender just for soap because I hate having one trick pony kitchen gadgets, but after stirring for over an hour waiting for trace, the idea of one has grown on me immensely.
#9 OKAY, YOU'VE CONVINCED ME, BUT WHERE DO I BUY LYE?
Thanks to all of the meth heads out there, lye is increasingly difficult to find. I did manage to find some at my local hardware store, though. Just check the aisle with all of the drain openers and make sure you buy 100% lye (sodium hydroxide). You can also buy it online.
#10 IS IT REALLY HARD TO MAKE?/ WHY ARE THE INSTRUCTIONS SO LONG?
If the steps below seem intimidating, it's just because I wanted to explain all of the steps to you. If you're like me, you want to know why, not just "don't do it". My poor mother, I was definitely that child. If you just want a quick run-down of how to make soap, I've put it at the bottom of this post. I put it after all of the detailed explanations so no one could run back to me with lye burns or soapy foods later and say I never warned them.
Now that I've imparted you with the knowledge that I've gained through trial, error, and personal bodily harm, I'll let you know how to make soap.